… Even the purest of the metamorphic marbles, such as that from Carrara, contain some accessory minerals, which, in many cases, form a considerable proportion of the mass. The marble index of a mind for ever Voyaging through strange seas of Thought, alone. — William Wordsworth 'Residence at Cambridge', The Prelude, or, Growth of a Poet's Mind: An Autobiographical Poem (1850), Book 3, 57-58. marble - a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material rock , stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries" Also, the low index of refraction of calcite allows light to penetrate several millimeters into the stone before being scattered out, resulting in the characteristic waxy look which brings a lifelike luster to marble sculptures of any kind, which is why many sculptors preferred and still prefer marble for sculpting.  More generally in construction, specifically the dimension stone trade, the term marble is used for any crystalline calcitic rock (and some non-calcitic rocks) useful as building stone. The so-called onyx marbles consist of concentric zones of calcite or aragonite deposited from cold-water solutions in caves and crevices and around the exits of springs. Black and gray colours result from the presence of fine scales of graphite. Marble is made of tiny minerals called calcite or dolomite. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Petrographically marbles are massive rather than thin-layered and consist of a mosaic of calcite grains that rarely show any traces of crystalline form under the microscope. But, what are the benefits to marble runs, besides fun the whole family can enjoy? Its name is derived from the Latin word 'granum,' which means 'grain,' a reference to the easily-seen minerals in the rock. stone meaning: 1. the hard, solid substance found in the ground that is often used for building, or a piece of…. A related rock… , In 2018 Turkey was the world leader in marble export, with 42% share in global marble trade, followed by Italy with 18% and Greece with 10%. The Elgin Marbles are marble sculptures from the Parthenon in Athens that are on display in the British Museum. A sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium carbonate, often composed of the organic remains of sea animals, as mollusks, corals, etc., and used as building stone, a source of lime, etc. Places named after the stone include Marblehead, Massachusetts; Marblehead, Ohio; Marble Arch, London; the Sea of Marmara; India's Marble Rocks; and the towns of Marble, Minnesota; Marble, Colorado; Marble Falls, Texas, and Marble Hill, Manhattan, New York. Marbles are generally available in different colours due to the presence of various minerals like sand, silt and clay. Näckrosen (Water Lily), Stockholm 1892, by Swedish sculptor Per Hasselberg (1850-1894). a small ball of glass that is used in various games Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Marble quarrying and fabrication near Velingrad, Bulg. They built the Parthenon in Athens of Pentelic marble from … 3000 biographies of notable scientific figures . The water marble nail technique was originally developed by professional nail technicians in Japanese nail salons. The width of the insulation was 1 1/4 inches, and the thickness of the wall was 3/8 inch. The largest importer of marble in 2018 was China with a 64% market share, followed by India with 11% and Italy with 5%. The haloalkaliphilic methylotrophic bacterium Methylophaga murata was isolated from deteriorating marble in the Kremlin. Travertine is formed through the rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, especially at the mouth of a … . Pažaislis Monastery complex has the most marble-decorated Baroque church of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, This article is about the rock. Here a copy from 1953 in marble by Giovanni Ardini (Italy) placed in Rottneros Park near Sunne in Värmland/Sweden. Later, some of it goes into solution in sea water. . Likewise, outdoor marble statues, gravestones, or other marble structures are damaged by acid rain. It is soft, making it easy to sculpt, and when it is fine-grained it has uniform properties in all directions. Unmetamorphosed limestones showing interesting colour contrasts or fossil remains are used extensively for architectural purposes. The shelly limestones of the Purbeck Beds, England, and the Sussex marble, both of Mesozoic Era (from 251 million to 65.5 million years ago), consist of masses of shells of freshwater snails embedded in blue, gray, or greenish limestone. In geology, the term marble refers to metamorphosed limestone, but its use in stonemasonry more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone. Find more ways to say marble, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The water marble nail technique was originally developed by professional nail technicians in Japanese nail salons. Quick definitions from WordNet (marble) noun: a small ball of … Earth movements may shatter the rocks, producing fissures that are afterward filled with veins of calcite; in this way the beautiful brecciated, or veined, marbles are produced. See also: Limestone; Stone and stone products. Acid rain corrodes the marble of the monument. Marble is used especially in sculpture and as a building material. Science, any system of knowledge that is concerned with the physical world and its phenomena and that entails unbiased observations and systematic experimentation. 115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms . Primary sedimentary textures and structures of the original carbonate rock (protolith) have typically been modified or destroyed. —v.t. They were brought to Britain by the Earl of Elgin. If the original limestone is a calcite limestone, then the marble is a calcite marble (i.e., mostly CaCO 3); if the original limestone is a dolomitic limestone, then the marble is a dolomitic or magnesian marble (i.e., mostly CaMg (CO 3) 2). —v.t. For comparison, 2005 crushed marble production was 7.76 million tons valued at $58.7 million, of which 4.8 million tons was finely ground calcium carbonate and the rest was construction aggregate. Another word for marble. Although it is usually white to gray in color, it often has irregularly colored marks due to the presence of impurities such as silica and clay. Marble is metamorphosed limestone, that is, limestone that has been melted and allowed to resolidify. : when crystallized by heat and pressure it becomes marble. A piece of this rock. https://www.britannica.com/science/marble-rock, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Dragutin Dimitrijevic, The University of Auckland, New Zealand - Geology - Rocks and Minerals - Marble, marble - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however, stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone. The characteristic swirls and veins of many colored marble varieties are usually due to various mineral impurities such as clay, silt, sand, iron oxides, or chert which were originally present as grains or layers in the limestone. It is an intrusive rock, meaning that it crystallized from magma that cooled far below the Earth's surface. to color or stain like variegated marble. Acids damage marble, because the calcium carbonate in marble reacts with them, releasing carbon dioxide (technically speaking, carbonic acid, but that decomposes quickly to CO2 and H2O) : Thus, vinegar or other acidic solutions should never be used on marble. Sometimes the broken fragments are rolled and rounded by the flow of marble under pressure.  Bacterial and fungal degradation was detected in four samples of marble from Milan cathedral; black Cladosporium attacked dried acrylic resin using melanin..  Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material. BMSIS is an initiative of Blue Marble Space, a 501(c)(3) public charity The commonest are quartz in small rounded grains, scales of colourless or pale-yellow mica (muscovite and phlogopite), dark shining flakes of graphite, iron oxides, and small crystals of pyrite. Scapolite, various kinds of garnet, vesuvianite, spinel, forsterite, periclase, brucite, talc, zoisite, wollastonite, chlorite, tourmaline, epidote, chondrodite, biotite, titanite, and apatite are all possible accessory minerals. Marble - a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building ... Dictionary.net. b. Quick definitions from WordNet (marble) noun: a small ball of glass that is used in various games noun: a sculpture carved from marble noun: a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material verb: paint or stain like marble ("Marble paper") name: A surname (rare: 1 in 33333 families; popularity rank in the U.S.: #4470) Science for Kids: Create a Homemade Marble Run Materials for the Marble Run. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has set a recommended exposure limit (REL) of 10 mg/m3 total exposure and 5 mg/m3 respiratory exposure over an 8-hour workday.. Construction marble is a stone which is composed of calcite, dolomite or serpentine that is capable of taking a polish. Most of the white and gray marbles of Alabama, Georgia, and western New England, and that from Yule, Colorado, are recrystallized rocks, as are a number of Greek and Italian statuary marbles famous from antiquity, which are still quarried. Commercially, it includes all decorative calcium-rich rocks that can be polished, as well as certain serpentines (verd antiques). In general, a science involves a pursuit of knowledge covering general truths or the operations of fundamental laws. like marble, as in hardness, coldness, smoothness, etc. This experiment started out as a Science Photo Challenge and got such a great response that I wanted you to experiment with it yourself. In the 1990s, it was popularized by commercial publications released by shopping centers in Chiba, Japan.In 2010, water marble nail art was adapted to use acrylic artificial nails and gels.. The ancient Greeks used Parian marble from the Island of Paros for such famous statues as the Venus de Milo. Foam pipe insulation– 6 feet (We bought ours from the local hardware store. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. 223 Glossary, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Marble, Compact Oxford English Dictionary, "RAPORT DE ȚARĂ. 115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical … A white, tan, or cream-colored form of limestone, often having a fibrous or concentric appearance. Marble is extensively used for building and ornamental purposes. ... MORE THAN 8700 articles covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology . The silicate minerals, if present in any considerable amount, may colour the marble; e.g., green in the case of green pyroxenes and amphiboles; brown in that of garnet and vesuvianite; and yellow in that of epidote, chondrodite, and titanite. , Dust produced by cutting marble could cause lung disease but more research needs to be carried out on whether dust filters and other safety products reduce this risk. Decomposition yields hematite, brown limonite, pale-green talc, and, in particular, the green or yellow serpentine derived from forsterite and diopside, which is characteristic of the ophicalcites or verd antiques. In geology, the term marble refers to metamorphosed limestone, but its use in stonemasonry more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone. by transferring oil pigments floating on water. Commercially, it includes all decorative calcium-rich rocks that can be polished, as well as certain serpentines (verd antiques). For example, Tennessee marble is really a dense granular fossiliferous gray to pink to maroon Ordovician limestone, that geologists call the Holston Formation. Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble is a natural stone material composed mostly of calcite. For the toy, see, Non-foliated metamorphic rock commonly used for sculpture and as a building material, Marble Institute of America pp. Onyx marble was the “alabaster” of the ancients, but alabaster is now defined as gypsum, a calcium sulfate rock. A metamorphic stone, marble is actually limestone that has been changed through tremendous amounts of heat and pressure. A metamorphic rock consisting primarily of calcite and dolomite. History. Contact Us. Omissions? They’re an example of a STEM toy (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math). The Nike of Samothrace is made of Parian marble (c. 220–190 BC), The Praetorians Relief, made from grey veined marble, c. 51–52 AD, Ancient marble columns in the prayer hall of the Mosque of Uqba, in Kairouan, Tunisia. consisting or made of marble. The force resisting the motion of a rolling body on a surface is known as rolling friction. , This stem is also the ancestor of the English word "marmoreal", meaning "marble-like. Marble is a metamorphic rock that forms when limestone is subjected to the heat and pressure of metamorphism. The alumina represents an admixture of clay; the silicates derive their silica from quartz and from clay; the iron came from limonite, hematite, or pyrite in the original sedimentary rock. ... Marble is highly prized not only for its beauty but also for the relative ease in carving and shaping it. Examples of historically notable marble varieties and locations: White marble has been prized for its use in sculptures since classical times. The friction depends on the load, diameter of the rolling object, and surface area of the object. This change happens when heat and pressure that naturally happens inside or on Earth's surface changes a rock over thousands of years. A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles. Blue Marble Space Institute of Science 600 1st Avenue, 1st Floor, Seattle, Washington 98104 Phone: +1-206-775-8787. History. like marble, as in hardness, coldness, smoothness, etc. Marble also has a firm crystalline structure and slight porosity. These are all spatial skills that will help children when they’re older, especially with math and science. English Language Arts; Math; Smart Packs; Special Needs; Classroom Health & Safety; Gift Cards; Blog; About Us. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Marble is typically not foliated, although there are exceptions. 2. It doesn't happen as often as it … Marble definition is - limestone that is more or less crystallized by metamorphism, that ranges from granular to compact in texture, that is capable of taking a high polish, and that is used especially in architecture and sculpture. Later physical deformation and chemical decomposition of the metamorphic marbles often produces attractive coloured and variegated varieties. Both sulphuric and nitric acid dissolve marble from salts. It is a wonderful physic puzzle, and offers interesting insights into the science of force and motion. Most people chose this as the best definition of marble: Something resembling or s... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. And, they’re a lot of fun, both for the kids and the adults. How to use slab in a sentence. In science it often happens that scientists say, 'You know that's a really good argument; my position is mistaken,' and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. Granite is an igneous rock composed of mostly two minerals: quartz and feldspar. consisting or made of marble. According to the United States Geological Survey, U.S. domestic marble production in 2006 was 46,400 tons valued at about $18.1 million, compared to 72,300 tons valued at $18.9 million in 2005. A metamorphic rock consisting primarily of calcite and dolomite. Search. Come and feel the cooking fever and enjoy our cooking games! Black limestones containing bituminous matter, which commonly emit a fetid odour when struck, are widely used; the well-known petit granit of Belgium is a black marble containing crinoid stem plates, derived from fossil echinoderms (invertebrate marine animals). A term referring to a vaguely consisting or made of tiny minerals called or... 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