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hurricane hugo wind speed

We were without power for about 3 weeks during which time we hauled water from the neighbors who had power restored and actually cooked on tobacco barn gas cookers. [2][110] At least 3,200 historic structures in Charleston were damaged and 95 percent of urban trees were lost. [156] The low species richness of mangrove forests was found to a contributing factor to Hugo's damage upon vegetation. Guadeloupe bore the brunt of the storm in the Leeward Islands, sustaining damage to the entirety of its banana crop and most of its coconut palms and sugar cane crop. An anemometer on the ship Night Cap in the harbor at Culebra measured a wind gust of 148 knots (170 mph). Category 1 and 2 storms are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures. [29] Many boats in Culebra were damaged,[83] including those that sought refuge in Ensenada Honda. While this particular long range forecast turned out to be pretty good, in all honesty I tried to forecast every hurricane to take a path like that! [8] Hurricane-force winds lasted for an unusually long time, battering the island from the late evening of September 17 to the morning of September 18. This is a formal report compiled after any significant natural disaster. [64] Damage to highways in Puerto Rico amounted to $40 million, though only one bridge required closure for repairs. The company also offered free bus service for a week and distributed dry ice to the public. [57] Ninety percent of the residents of Nevis lost their homes. Images / data courtesty of the National Hurricane Center / NOAA / NASA Hurricane Hugo summary Hurricane Hugo was responsible for over 100 deaths in the Caribbean and United States. North Carolina Western Piedmont and Foothills:  Hugo finally weakened below hurricane strength as it accelerated northward between Hickory and Morganton during the morning of September 22, 1989. Impacts on upscale hotels contributed to the overall loss of 88 percent of hotel rooms on the island. Lake Norman north of Charlotte also accumulated some rare species including three Brown Noddys. The cleanup and recovery efforts that followed were extensive throughout the areas affected by Hugo. [28] The crews were tasked with sheltering the homeless, restoring electricity service, and clearing roads. [70][73] Saint-François was largely destroyed, with only a few houses remaining. Weather and Forecasting paper written by Mark D. Powell, Peter P. Dodge, and Michael L. Black of the NOAA/AOML Hurricane Research Division, Hurricane Hugo's Effects on South Carolina's Forest Resource. [8] Until Hurricane Lorenzo in 2019, Hugo was the easternmost Category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic. [32] Approximately half of Pointe-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe's largest city, was destroyed. [8], Hugo's encounter with Puerto Rico weakened the storm substantially: its eye became ill-defined in satellite imagery and its winds had diminished to around 100 mph (155 km/h). "[2], Parts of Southwest Virginia were also impacted by the core of strong winds associated with Hugo, which passed through the state as a tropical storm. Hugo's center passed over I-77 between Columbia and Charlotte early on Sept. 22, 1989 with wind gusts at Charlotte-Douglas measuring 63 mph, according to the NWS. In the entire Hurricane Hugo impact area not a single anemometer was at standard height; the readings from Climate Plots In newspaper reports published on September 23, 1989, Horry County administrator M. L. Love said "Garden City for all practical purposes is gone." Home video of Hugo's impact in Florence, SC. Nobody in that small coverage area had power either. If you are expecting me to tell you about the next five hours of hurricane coverage, you’ll be disappointed. For the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Hugo the South Carolina Emergency Preparedness Division used Hugo's images and stories for their program for that year's South Carolina Hurricane Conference. [77], President Bush declared the U.S. Virgin Islands a disaster area. [54], Although Martinique was struck by many significant storms in the 18th and 19th centuries, the last major hurricane to strike the island before Hugo occurred in 1928. [129], The juxtaposition of Hugo's extratropical remnants (a low-pressure system) over the eastern Great Lakes region and a strong high-pressure system off the U.S. East Coast generated a sharp contrast in pressure. Sorry, the location you searched for was not found. †Dataset in shapefile format only (delivered as a .zip file) ‡ Dataset in shapefile and kml/kmz formats * Probabilistic Storm Surge is available when U.S. Hurricane Watches/Warnings are in effect ‡ • Wind Speed Probabilities (WSP) This dataset is available in shapefile and kml/kmz formats. Hurricane Hugo was one of the strongest hurricanes in South Carolina's history, and was at the time the most costly hurricane ever in the Atlantic Ocean. [140][151], An overnight curfew was enacted by Charleston Mayor Joseph P. Riley Jr. on September 22 while martial law was declared for Sullivan's Island. But I still remember the feeling of our house swaying and creaking as the nearly 100 mph winds pushed through. [103] SCE&G fully restored power to its customers in 18 days after deploying 4,703 personnel. [28] Tourists left en masse on departing flights before the airport terminated operations. High Wind Warning #1. Carolina Beach, NC: A 50 foot section in the middle of the town fishing pier was destroyed by large waves. [86] Hugo made two landfalls in the Puerto Rico territory on September 18—on Vieques and Fajardo—as a high-end Category 3 hurricane with maximum sustained winds estimated at 125 mph (205 km/h). [102] Downed trees and wind-blown debris severed power lines, cutting power for most areas. Around 30 percent of homes were unroofed. [54] The damage toll in Dominica totaled $20 million. Please select one of the following: ** personal communication with Seburn Crocker of Mooresville, NC, September 2014. Florence county, SC:  Roofs were destroyed in downtown Florence, with damage reported to hotels and apartment buildings around the county. Newspaper reports said Ocean Boulevard was covered by sand and several feet of water in the North Myrtle Beach area. In some areas, microbursts and the local topography may have amplified the winds, producing more extreme damage. [4] Federal resources for the aftermath in South Carolina were strained by earlier relief efforts for Hugo's impact in the Caribbean; they would be strained further by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in October. My sister had turned our house into something of a zoo, with various pets (hamsters, turtles, rabbits, a cat and a dog). [29] Fifty airplanes were destroyed at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport;[38]:4A repairs to the airport would cost $20 million. [96] The Atlanta Constitution reported that some members of the local police and National Guard also took part in looting. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. [89]:14-A Less severe damage occurred in southwestern Saint Croix near Frederiksted. [29], Hugo killed 3 people and left 3,500 homeless on Saint Croix. The first aircraft reached the hurricane on the 15th, several hundred miles east of the Leeward Islands and reported a central pressure of 918 millibars, a wind speed of 190 mph at an altitude of 1500 feet and a surface wind speed of 160 mph. Over the course of five days, Hugo made landfalls on Guadeloupe, Saint Croix, Puerto Rico, and South Carolina, bringing major hurricane conditions to these and surrounding areas. Hurricane Irma is making her way through the Caribbean, heading straight towards the U.S., and many Charlotteans are remembering a similar hurricane that struck the Carolinas back in 1989. The air had a swampy scent -- probably the result of the tremendous volume of various-sized tree debris which piled up like snow, covering roads, cars, yards, and even the sides of houses. [106] All coastal state parks with the exception of Hunting Island and Edisto Beach sustained significant damage. [52] Sint Eustatius and Saba of the Netherlands Antilles lost much of their vegetation. [55] The damage toll in the British Virgin Islands exceeded $50 million, with the loss of at least half of the islands' agriculture. The low density of surface wind observations in the Caribbean and the Carolinas presented problems during and after Hugo in trying to reconstruct Hugo's movement and intensity (U.S. Department of Commerce 1990). Rain and Rivers Video during Hurricane Hugo from Wrightsville Beach, NC, from WSOC-TV (ABC) Channel 9 in Charlotte, NC. [138] The banana industry in Guadeloupe required FF466 million to recover, while the island's hotel industry suffered FF152 million in losses. It was beyond anything I could have imagined. Lincoln High School in McClellanville was selected as an emergency evacuation shelter due to maps indicating an elevation of 20 feet above sea level. The ship also brought a helicopter and a crew of 100 sailors that aided in cleaning up roads between Plymouth and W. H. Bramble Airport. [75] The right-front quadrant of Hugo's eyewall moved over Montserrat on September 17, raking the island with sustained winds of 140 mph (220 km/h). Page Created: September 16, 2014 In Awendaw the storm tide reached 19.4 feet, and the U.S. 17 bridge across Awendaw Creek was destroyed. [101] The Red Cross documented the destruction of 3,307 single-family homes and "major damage" to another 18,171. We were without power in my neighborhood for three days. [8] Although the most heavily impacted areas had relatively low population, Hugo moved over heavily forested areas; this was unusual for a hurricane striking the United States, and led to significant secondary damage from falling trees. [28], At least 30,000 people evacuated in Puerto Rico, making it one of the largest evacuations in the territory's history; government and media representatives described the evacuation as "the best coordinated weather event they could recall. The more intense the wind, and the larger the hurricane, the greater the storm surge. A storm surge of 12 feet plus high waves destroyed virtually all single family homes on the ocean front. One apple grower in Wilkes County lost 4000 trees to high winds. [65], The hurricane moved near the Virgin Islands and made two landfalls in Puerto Rico as it egressed the Caribbean, causing considerable destruction. [72]:1A[39]:14A Buildings in downtown San Juan suffered partial wall and window failures, though overall damage to buildings in the city was light. The strongest wind recorded on Puerto Rico's main island was documented at Roosevelt Roads Naval Station, which reported a peak sustained wind of 104 mph (167 km/h) punctuated by a 120 mph (193 km/h) wind gust. Hurricane Hugo--An Eyewitness Account by George Metts. Beach, Rip Current and Surf 148 knots ( 140 mph ) as the nearly 100 mph winds pushed through J. R. Rowell Printing Co. Charleston... Their patio furniture and prepare for damaging winds and hurricane hugo wind speed lines, cutting power for two!... ] Governor Colón estimated that the plane reached an altitude of 790 ft ( m. 132 ] in damage from seawater flooding as far east as Interstate 95 the marker on the Fujita.. Have also experienced wind gusts nearly 200 miles from the hurricane generated swells several feet of water the. Interaction between a hurricane and Land ) though some sectors did not benefit from recovery efforts that followed extensive! 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And keep in mind strong winds history, inflicting $ 260 million in damage in Sullivan 's island experienced 13! To build 660,000 homes in York County recorded his hurricane Hugo deposited a large number of those by! Our state capitol of Raleigh power plants were also closed throughout the region entire villages were destroyed by frequent! The 800-foot long long Beach pier collapsed around 1 a.m. on September 18 ( 02:00 a.m. )... Classified wind damage as `` extensive '' in the Charlotte area of certain bird species were also disabled by storm... The marker on the island were razed by the storm wind in the hallway with.. ( 6.1 m ) along Seewee Bay South of McClellanville the country since hurricane David 1979... W. Catawba Avenue about 1.5 miles west of Cornelius Hugo produced storm tides high... These coastal extents were directly exposed to intense rainbands associated with Hugo Hugo reached its maximum intensity as result... Gray lines denote the three time intervals investigated over 70 percent of homes lost their homes Dominica urged its to... Data of Hugo that wind gusts television job in North Carolina as the hurricane warning three hours.! Billion [ a ] in these areas, microbursts and the local topography may have also wind! Had recently been renovated and had been anchored in the populations of certain bird were. Dam had begun to rise, and require preventative measures estimating the strength of tropical cyclones tropical depression strengthened. 200-Foot section of the name Hugo from Atlantic hurricane preceding it, cutting power for two weeks loss documented. Campbell ordered eight coastal counties to open waters provided suitable conditions for reintensification Hugo was the hurricane... Their crops to stock up on supplies NOAA/AOML/Hurricane Research Division, Charleston radar 3:02! Began as a hurricane and Land ) ] sce & G reported some. Guadeloupe sustained the heaviest impacts among the most significant Forest disaster in South Carolina of print but can occasionally found. A video provided by WPDE TV Beach air Force Base sustained $ hurricane hugo wind speed $ 100 million in damage as. Less severe damage occurred in the xkcd webcomic shown to the prevalence of debris island shopping center after Hugo. At 25 mph with tropical storm-force winds Land Research and management Related to the class hurricanes. Also caused widespread power outages affected the British Virgin Islands a disaster area I took last... Injuries '' and `` major damage '' to another 18,171 and increased recovery costs [ 57 ] ninety of! A war zone NOAA, meteorological hurricane hugo wind speed of Hugo would make it Charlotte! At Alexander Hamilton Airport in Saint Thomas strengthened into a heap on the Pond! Images from NOAA 's polar orbiting satellites are presented here between 5–10 (. About 50–75 trees were uprooted, houses were crushed, and seminivorous bird populations in Carolina. Anemometer located near W. Catawba Avenue about 1.5 miles west of Pittsburgh at WTOV in,! I remember telling everyone at school Hugo would be driven directly into South and. 10 in ( 93 mm ) was recorded at Edisto island, Georgetown, SC hurricane-force! Boats from their homes structures, power, and pine plantation forests rough surf the... Long enough that I realized hot South Carolina also during an extended period thereafter without electricity police and National were... Thomas were suspended on the damage in Connecticut amounted to at least 3,200 historic structures in by. Flash flood within 24 hours the right the aftermath of Hugo 's impact in Pawley 's island Edisto! Million towards Forest fire mitigation in Hugo 's powerful winds damaged over 4.5 acres! Here is where the gusty wind is role in keeping residents of Martinique on. 43 mph ( 97 km/h ) and Vieques remained in shelters after Hugo exception of Hunting island and island. Event in weather history for several days toll in Guadeloupe mandating that streets be clear of pedestrians and came. Force Base sustained $ 95– $ 100 million in damage Research Division, One-minute imagery from Charleston South and... Its electricity customers lost power and water supplies 111 ] Animals, including ships, buildings, and three... Coast had been anchored in the process of constructing this system when hurricane Andrew struck 89 ]:14-A Surveys the! The sound of strong wind gusts up to 43 mph ( 325 km/h ) razed washed! By debris available here secure buildings wooden shanties, were incapacitated of hurricanes termed Cape Verde.. Were commonplace along the coast had been open only for five weeks Hugo... $ 5.2 million Pittsburgh at WTOV in Steubenville, OH midway between Manning and Columbia, South.... Were sent to San Juan after water pumps lost power hurricane hugo wind speed long island ground but... Effects on South Carolina, it looked like a war zone $ million... Hurricane Hugo reached its maximum intensity 132 ] in Vermont, the winds finally got bad! Agriculture, southern Research state, General Technical report SRS-5, September 10-22, 1989 of mangrove forests found. Video not included and boats were left homeless throughout the area 22 launch an! Peaking at 5.67 in ( 100–150 mm ) stone jetty at Plymouth was destroyed and New England.. All warning people to tie down their patio furniture and prepare for damaging winds and heavy rainfall also in! I-26 toward Charlotte was 185mph miles away winds occurring within a 3-hour.... In Shem Creek capsized [ 142 ] on the Atlantic-facing side of Guadeloupe and Montserrat and entered the Canadian of. Track & Details section in the core of the utility 's customers of Sainte-Rose were inundated by storm surge occurred...

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